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What is Linux?
According to www.digitalocean.com “Linux is a group of operating system distributions built around the Linux Kernel.” In recent years Linux has been used by many developers to make and run applications, it is even being utilized to build Chromebooks and cloud systems.
This multifaceted operating system was developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991, he was a student in the University of Helsinki, Finland. His frustration came about due to the limitations with MINIX, a Unix-like OS that is solely dedicated to educational use. After developing Linux – its GNU (a Unix – compatible O.S. developed by the GNU project) replaced most of the MINIX components. Therefore, if a developer is trying to make a new operating system based from the GNU project, the license under GNU GPL can be used over and over again as long as the license is compatible with each other, which is what Torvalds did.
Types of Linux systems you can use:
The O.S. is made up of the Bootloader, Kernel, Daemons, Shell, Graphical Server, Desktop Environment and Applications. For more reference as about Linux pieces, please visit www.linux.org.
The biggest distributions of Linux OS are Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Arch Linux, Deepin, Fedora, Debian, OpenSUSE. The most popular operating system being used is Ubuntu due to its modern interface and easy installation.
Why use Linux?
Many people may not have been introduced with Linux. However, in recent years its usage has become more known in both developer and non-developer utilization. Probably the best reason for using Linux is its security. Its secure system is credited to the developers maintaining it. Because of it being an open source software, devs worldwide can easily scan and stop viruses and malware from entering the system. In addition, its affordability is very useful for everyone – An example of this is Libre Office, a FREE Linux version of Microsoft office. Furthermore, the stability prevents it from experiencing repeated crashes and runs at the same speed as it was initially installed. Lastly, its user-friendly GUI is compatible with a different OS. Such that, it can run Windows game applications by installing a specific software like PlayOnLinux.